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Siegel, R., Naishadham, D. and Jemal, A. (2012), Cancer statistics, 2012. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 62: 10–29. doi: 10.3322/caac.20138
Skinner MG, Iizuka MN, Kolios MC, Sherar MD. A theoretical comparison of energy sources–microwave, ultrasound and laser–for interstitial thermal therapy. Phys Med Biol 1998; 43:3535-3547.
Brace CL, Laeseke PF, van der Weide DW, Lee FT. Microwave ablation with a triaxial antenna: Results in ex vivo bovine liver. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 2005; 53:1-6 (included in appendix).
Wong TZ, Strohbehn JW, Jones KM, Mechling JA, Trembly BS. Sar patterns from an interstitial microwave antenna-array hyperthermia system. IEEE Trans Microw Theory Tech 1986; 34:560-567.
Trembly BS. The effects of driving frequency and antenna length on power deposition within a microwave antenna array used for hyperthermia. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 1985; 32:152-157.
Saito K, Hayashi Y, Yoshimura H, Ito K. Heating characteristics of array applicator composed of two coaxial-slot antennas for microwave coagulation therapy. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 2000; 48:1800-1806.
Wright AS, Lee FT, Jr., Mahvi DM. Hepatic microwave ablation with multiple antennae results in synergistically larger zones of coagulation necrosis. Ann Surg Oncol 2003; 10:275-283.
Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Tatum TM, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation with a multiple simultaneously powered small-gauge triaxial antennas: Results from an in vivo swine liver model. Radiology 2007;244:151-156.
Laeseke PF, Lee FT Jr., van der Weide D, Brace CL. Multiple-antenna microwave ablation: Spatially distributing power improves thermal profiles and reduces invasiveness. J Interv Onc 2009;2(2):65-72..
Brace CL, Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Frey TM, van der Weide DW, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation with a single small-gauge triaxial antenna: in vivo porcine liver model. Radiology 2007;242(2):435-440. 20
Lubner, MG, Hinshaw JL, Andreano A, Sampson L, Lee FT Jr., Brace CL. High-powered microwave ablation with a small-gauge gas cooled antenna: Initial ex-vivo and in vivo results. JVIR 2012;23(3):405-411.
Lubner MG, Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr., Sampson LJ, Brace CL. Creation of short microwave ablation zones: In vivo characterization of single and paired modified triaxial antennas. Laboratory investigation. Accepted to JVIR, May 2014.
Lubner MG, Brace CL, Hinshaw JL, Lee FT Jr. Microwave tumor ablation: Mechanism of action, clinical results and devices. JVIR 2010;21:S192-S203
Knavel E, Sampson LA, Hinshaw JL, Andreano A, Lubner MG, Warner TA, Lee FT Jr., Brace CL. High-powered gas-cooled microwave ablation: Shaft cooling creates an effective stick function without altering the ablation zone. AJR 2012;198:W260-W265.
Moreland AJ, Ziemlewicz TJ, Best SL, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Alexander ML, Brace CL, Kitchin DR, Hedican SP, Nakada SY, Lee FT, Abel EJ. High powered microwave ablation of T1a renal cell carcinoma: Safety and initial clinical evaluation. J Endourol 2014 (May).
Ziemlewicz TJ, Wells SA, Lubner MA, Musat AI, Hinshaw JL, Cohn AR, Lee FT Jr. Microwave ablation of giant hepatic cavernous hemangiomas. Accepted to CVIR, July 2014.
Ziemlewicz TJ, Hinshaw JL, Lubner MG, Brace CL, Alexander ML, Agarwal P, Lee FT Jr. Percutaneous microwave ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma: Initial clinical results with 107 tumors. Submitted to Hepatology, June 2013.
Goldberg SN, Gazelle GS, Mueller PR. Thermal ablation therapy for focal malignancy: a unified approach to underlying principles, techniques, and diagnostic imaging guidance.Am J Roentgenol 2000; 174:323-331.
Lencioni R, Cioni D, Crocetti L, Bartolozzi C. Percutaneous ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma: state-of-the-art. Liver Transpl 2004; 10:S91-97.
Berber E, Flesher N, Siperstein AE. Laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation of neuroendocrine liver metastases. World J Surg 2002; 26:985-990.
Curley SA, Izzo F, Delrio P, Ellis LM, Granchi J, Vallone P, Fiore F, Pignata S, Daniele B, Cremona F. Radiofrequency ablation of unresectable primary and metastatic hepatic malignancies: results in 123 patients. Ann Surg 1999; 230:1-8.
Chinn SB, Lee FT, Jr., Kennedy GD, Chinn C, Johnson CD, Winter TC, 3rd, Warner TF, Mahvi DM. Effect of vascular occlusion on radiofrequency ablation of the liver: results in a porcine model. Am J Roentgenol 2001; 176:789-795.
Lu DS, Raman SS, Vodopich DJ, Wang M, Sayre J, Lassman C. Effect of vessel size on creation of hepatic radiofrequency lesions in pigs: assessment of the “heat sink” effect. Am J Roentgenol 2002; 178:47-51.
Rossi S, Garbagnati F, De Francesco I, Accocella F, Leonardi L, Quaretti P, Zangrandi A, Paties C, Lencioni R. Relationship between the shape and size of radiofrequency induced thermal lesions and hepatic vascularization. Tumori 1999; 85:128-132.
Liu JB, Goldberg BB, Merton DA, Rawool NM, Needleman L, Forsberg F. The role of contrast-enhanced sonography for radiofrequency ablation of liver tumors. J Ultrasound Med 2001; 20:517-523.
Cha CH, Lee FT, Jr., Gurney JM, Markhardt BK, Warner TF, Kelcz F, Mahvi DM. CT versus sonography for monitoring radiofrequency ablation in a porcine liver. Am J Roentgenol 2000; 175:705-711.
Solbiati L, Ierace T, Goldberg SN, Sironi S, Livraghi T, Fiocca R, Servadio G, Rizzatto G, Mueller PR, Del Maschio A, Gazelle GS. Percutaneous US-guided radio-frequency tissue ablation of liver metastases: treatment and follow-up in 16 patients. Radiology 1997; 202:195-203.
Haemmerich D, Tungjitkusolmun S, Staelin ST, Lee FT, Jr., Mahvi DM, Webster JG. Finite-element analysis of hepatic multiple probe radio-frequency ablation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2002; 49:836-842.
Haemmerich D, Lee FT, Jr., Schutt DJ, Sampson LA, Webster JG, Fine JP, Mahvi DM. Large-Volume Radiofrequency Ablation of ex Vivo Bovine Liver with Multiple Cooled Cluster Electrodes. Radiology 2004.
Lee FT, Jr., Haemmerich D, Wright AS, Mahvi DM, Sampson LA, Webster JG. Multiple probe radiofrequency ablation: pilot study in an animal model. J Vasc Interv Radiol 2003; 14:1437-1442.
Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Haemmerich D, Fine JP, Tatum TM, Winter TC, 3rd, Lee FT, Jr. Multiple probe RF ablation: simultaneous production of separate thermal lesions in an in vivo porcine liver model. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology 2004; under review.
Laeseke PF, Sampson LA, Haemmerich D, Brace CL, Fine JP, Tatum TM, Winter TC, 3rd, Lee FT, Jr. Large volume multiple-probe RF ablation: results in in vivo porcine liver. Radiology 2004; in press.
Solbiati L, Livraghi T, Ierace T, Meloni F, Cova L, Goldberg S. Radiofrequency Ablation for Liver Colorectal Metastases: Is It Possible to Equal the 5-year Survival Rates of Surgery? Radiological Society of North America Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting. Chicago, 2004.
Lencioni R. Tumor Radiofrequency Ablation Italian Network (TRAIN): Long-term Survival Outcomes in Patien ts with Stage 0 Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Radiological Society of North America Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting. Chicago, 2004.
Lencioni R. Tumor Radiofrequency Ablation Italian Network (TRAIN): Long-term Results in Epatic Colorectal Cancer Metastases. Radiological Society of North America Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting. Chicago, 2004.